Colposcopy is a non-invasive procedure to detect pre-cancerous lesion of the cervix in the management of abnormal Pap smear to prevent cervical cancer.

During a colposcopy examination, a speculum will be inserted as it is for a regular gynecological exam. The cervix is visualized with the use of a colposcope allowing the physician to view and identify possible sources of abnormal cells. A small instrument may also be used to sample the tissue of the cervix. Samples obtained are then sent to a pathology laboratory for further analysis.